Once upon a time, people looked up at the sky, holding a cup of wine, keeping a long distance, and asked the heavens, “Please tell me, what year is it now in the Heavenly Palace?”
On April 12, 1961, Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space. July 21, 1969, the American astronaut Armstrong became the first man on the moon. September 22, 2016 22:04, China’s Heavenly Palace II spacecraft was successfully launched; the same year at 17:30 on October 17, Shenzhou 11, was successfully launched; on October 19 at 3:31, Shenzhou 11 and Heavenly Palace II had the successful docking. History has recorded these time points.
Innovation is creation, the subversion of the past, the story about the apple falling from the tree. Humanity advances in innovation, predicts the future, plans for the future and creates the future through innovation. In the twenty-first century, as people carry their dreams forward, the world has entered the Chinese era.
Science and Technology Minister Wan Gang said: “The so-called innovation is the use of new knowledge, new technologies, to create new products, promote them to the community, and ultimately to improve people’s lives and social wealth “. It is innovation that pushes people forward to pass over the limits of the times, so that dreams of the ancient people can become reality of now. On the moon, Armstrong said: “This is a small step for a man, is also a big step for all mankind.”
In its future space exploration, China’s 2050 Space Technology Development Road-map is more ambitious than the United States’ Mars plan. By 2030, China’s space probe will be able to efficiently and autonomously detect the planets on the outside of Mars, the manned space technology will be able to support the manned lunar landing and even the establishment of the moon base. By 2050, the probe will fly out of the solar system, its manned space technology will be able to send humans to other planets from Mars.
Although human beings are on their way to death from the date of birth, they have never given up dreams until the moment their souls leave their bodies. They also have plans to let some people leave the earth and fly into space at the time of destruction, without forgetting to bring seeds and animals with them. In the history of human civilization, there have been countless inspirational inventions. The history of human efforts to touch the future is just as long as human history itself.
The Chinese abacus is as great as the personal computer, and Einstein is as great as Newton. After the birth of cars and planes, they changed the way of human travel and combat, and even the scenery in front of us. The first human trip around the globe took three years, but now it takes less than a day. Telephone and television not only become people’s daily necessities, but also bring the whole world to our side. The invention of the train and the steam engine brought about Britain’s industrial revolution in the eighteenth century. The invention of electricity made the earth’s nights bright with lights. Ancient Egyptian architectural technology ignited Europe’s glory in their medieval architectural art. We are quite sure that the mysterious pyramids must have been built on the principle of leverage. Innovation is so magical, as Archimedes said: “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world.”
Innovation is not necessarily invention. Because of curiosity, the results are often the same thrilling. Venture capitalist Peter Dir said: “The complex coordination, in fact, did not do any new, did not invent any new parts, but you put them together in a whole new way, for example, we look at the earliest iPhone, all the components already exist, the new innovation is to put them in the right way so that they are integrated together, so with the smart phone, that ultimately becomes an essential tool in the hands of consumers.”
Junco is a receptionist at a shopping center in Tokyo. She is wearing a blue front-buttoned shirt, a white jacket and a pinstripe skirt, in practical light shoes. Standing behind a counter in Odaiba Ocean City, she distributes travel booklets to visitors while speaking three languages in Japanese, Chinese and English. Junco is not a human, Junco is the first generation Japanese robot. Another Japanese robot called “Tune future” is a landmark virtual singer. After she made her first appearance at Kinki’s birthday party in Tokyo, she was invited to Shanghai and the world’s other big stages, to sing the wonderful songs in the cheers of the crowd.
Kevin Warwick is a professor of neuroscience at the University of Reading in England. In 1998, with the help of a doctor, he implanted an artificial intelligence chip into his arm and became the world’s first electronic man. Fifteen years later, the United States made another step forward to use this technology in the brains of ordinary people, in the form of government funding to promote brain science research. In 2013, the European Commission made its human brain plan a key scientific research project. At the NASA Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, there is a “Singularity University,” whose name comes from the futurist Ray Kurzweil’s prophecy about the “singular year.” He believes that around 2045, artificial intelligence will come to a singularity, and across this singularity, artificial intelligence will go beyond human wisdom, then humans need to re-examine their relationship with machines.
The United States has always been at the forefront of innovative technologies. Many important inventions in the history of mankind, including incandescent lamps, cotton ginners, general parts and production lines, originated in the United States. Most of the world’s computers and Internet revolution began in the late twentieth century. Those important players Amazon, Apple, eBay, Google and Microsoft are all US companies.
In 1942, the Manhattan project began. July 16, 1945, the United States exploded the first atomic bomb in human history. After that, the United States and the Soviet Union started a fierce space race,. The first artificial satellite, the first astronaut into space, the first astronaut to walk in space ……These honors were taken by the Soviet Union. But later the US made their great achievement on the moon. NASA’s mission is to “understand and protect our planet, explore the Universe, find life outside the Earth, and inspire our next generation to explore the Universe.” John Kennedy, then President of the United States, said, “We chose this time to go to the moon, to do some meaningful things, not because they are easy, but because they are difficult.”
The United States has one of the world’s most innovative universities, most notably the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. As of 2015, MIT had 84 Nobel Laureates, 52 National Medalists, 45 Rhodes Scholars, 38 MacArthur Medalists, and 2 Fields Medals Award winner. “A survey shows that MIT alumni founded 25,800 companies and employ 3 million people.” According to the Guardian, “These companies have an annual gross profit of $ 1.9 trillion, and if MIT was a country, then it shall be the world’s eleventh largest economy. ”
Today, the automotive industry is about to enter the era of electric vehicles. In the future of highly automated vehicles, “life-saving” shall be the most important feature. The Obama administration declared: “We envision that in the future, you can take your hands away from the steering wheel, do not feel bad, or tired, but to rest or do other useful things.” The doors to unmanned vehicles are completely open, and the United States is trying to regain the dominance of the auto industry. On the future of automotive innovation, Intel chief futurist Steve Brown said: “the headlight, it is not just a lamp, but the intelligent projector and camera.When driving in the rain, you can use high-speed cameras and computers to observe the raindrops, calculate the location of their drip, you will be able to pass easy in the rainy night. ”
The Twenty Thousand Leagues of the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth and Around the World in Eighty Days are the works of French Jules Verne, the father of science fiction. Today, they are still classics for many people who care about the future. Verne used his imagination to guide the future of mankind.
Intel’s founder Gordon Moore and his Moore’s law are well-known. Because of Moore’s idea, a entire library of books can be loaded into a small transistor chip, its the capacity now billions of times greater than before. Forty years ago, a dollar could buy only one transistor, and now a dollar can buy ten million, the storage cost and computing cost are almost negligible. Moore’s Law promotes scientific and technological innovation across industries, and makes mankind more confident about the future. As a result, mankind is exploring new fields that are hard to get close to in the past.
Today, mankind has entered an information age with the Internet. Among the greatest innovators, Facebook and Google have become global companies, they are a model of innovation for young people. This day and now, Facebook has more than 1.6 billion users, more than the population of any other country in the world. Twelve years ago, Mark Zuckerberg and his Harvard roommates did not think this would happen. They only had an idea then to provide people with a sharing platform, and to make the world more open, closer together. Google acquired YouTube and more than two billion views a day is “more than double the total number of prime-time viewing counts on the three major US television channels.” Google has created data centers in the United States and around the world to meet the needs of global users, but very little information about its data center and its internal circumstances has been released by security considerations. Google declined to answer questions such as “what should I do tomorrow”, because they do not want users and even the governments to know what Google will do next. Facebook has received lots of criticism for its submission to Chinese internet censorship open to challenge as the suppression of free speech. A free and open world depends on a free and open network. That Google does not succumb to that censorship has triggered a global concern.
In the Internet era of competition, South Korea has been often in the leading position. For many years, for 50 million people of South Korea, per capita wireless broadband penetration rate and speed have ranked first in the world. France was the first country to build a unified national network; now the French have crushed their old network, and with a broader mind, they are trying to maximize the integration with the world. Iran is the most developed country in the Middle East in the Internet use. The Islamic state and its younger generation are breaking their traditions and ethical constraints to embrace the internet sky.
The popularity of the Internet has brought about subversive changes in human entertainment, shopping, culture and even the way of education. American computer scientist McCarthy predicted that internet culture and social networks will continue to play an important role in the next decade. Through Google’s personalized advertising positioning, shopping and the choice of lifestyle has grown to a whole new level. “Intelligent software is gaining popularity, and machine learning is going to be used in all walks of life,” said Jeff Dean, a computer scientist in charge of Google’s artificial intelligence development.
On the road to catch up with the world, Huawei is a unique company. In its technology competitions with Cisco, Huawei achieved a success in 2015 when its R & D investment in technology reached 60 billion US dollars, ranking tenth among the world’s top 500. Huawei’s power is not only reflected in the telecommunications technology and mobile phone products, their maturity is dimensional. “We have to make the TV, washing machine and other household equipment intelligent and networked,” said Shao Yang, chief strategy officer for Huawei’s consumer business.
The power of WeChat makes the westerners jealousy; Baidu, Tencent and Alibaba are among the top 10 Internet companies in the world, but the operating systems used by China’s billions of terminals are dominated by Apple, Microsoft and Google. China still has regrets as they are trying hard to catch up. “I think the big challenge for China is not the actual users of the Internet, but to what extent can China become the true creator of information technology,” said Dwight Birkins of Harvard University.
The four great inventions of papermaking, printing, compass and gunpowder used to be symbols of ancient Chinese civilization. In the past two thousand years or more, Chinese civilization has been at the forefront of the world. In 1793, the British Earl George Malkani came to China for the Emperor Qianlong’s birthday. The Emperor, pointing his fingers at the globe, celestial instruments, warship models and howitzer presented by the British royal family, said: “These things, only toys for child play. ” The arrogance of the emperor has made the nation suffer humiliation for more than a century. After sleeping two hundred years, the dragon of the east has been awakened, and China once again has stood up in the center of the world stage.
Following the pace of industrialization in the West, China has gathered together the power of the whole nation for an innovation initiative of the new century. Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “Of the four areas of modernization, the key is science and technology.” Lu Yongxiang, head of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said: “China’s scientific and technological development today must not simply copy the technology development model of other countries, and must not follow in the footsteps of other countries.This is a national strategy, we must use a concentrated force to do great things.” In the eyes of foreigners, China’s game is very aggressive. For the first time in 2009, China surpassed the United States as the world’s largest automobile producer, with more than 80 percent of the automotive exterior panels produced by Chinese-made stamping equipment, which significantly reduced the cost of automobile manufacturing. At least three years in advance China has delivered automobiles at a large-scale to the ordinary people’s families. Not only has China become the owner of the world’s fastest computer, but the world’s fastest supercomputer has used Chinese-made microprocessors for the first time, not Intel’s from Silicon Valley.
High-end heavy equipment manufacture is at the core of the competition between big countries. In CNC machine tools, port equipment, shipbuilding, and many other industries, China-made has gone to the forefront. With strong manufacturing capacity, the installed capacity of China’s wind power rose rapidly to the world’s first place. Now, China has more than 50 companies such as Zhenhua Heavy Industries, relying on the upgrading of equipment and manufacturing capacity, have entered the world’s largest 225 international contractors. Chinese enterprises, driven by innovation, have played an important part in the world’s high-end manufacturing industry chain.
China ‘s high-speed railway came out of a unique innovation path, to promote China in this area to occupy the world’ s leading position. From line engineering to traction power supply, from the train control system to the high-speed train, the Chinese people keep forging ahead to build their own complete set of high-speed railway technology system and technical standards. When China enters the era of intercontinental trains, high-speed railway not only lays the foundation for people to build a new lifestyle, but also helps to deliver high-quality public goods and services to the community, thus becomes the driving force of economic and social development. With miraculous projects one after another, the Chinese people, with the most daring imagination, the most perfect design and cutting-edge technology, have built a complete and mature technical system, which is both complicated and magnificent.
In future, green, health, innovation, personality independence, the pursuit of truth, will be the popular words in people’s life. A new era Chinese talent is no longer a third-class in politics, second-class in business, first-class as hermits. Armed with knowledge and wisdom in their mind, these talents shall break the shackles, go for their potential, and produce a new generation of craftsmen, programmers, designers, writers, artists as well as thinkers and strategists. In the national and enterprise innovation level, China will not lack the ability to collaborate, engage in large-scale systems as it has many planning agencies and operation teams. China will have countless independent thinkers and individual cultivators, more freelancers, who focus on their own interests, and they be quickly brought together for cooperation in big projects as well, with flexibility as well as independence. In work or life, people form groups by interests, and this phenomenon is significant. About the future of China, the rules shall be re-installed, the relationships shall be given new definitions, personality shall be respected, a more reasonable social order shall be established.
An analysis of China’s development prospects by Bertelsmann Foundation named “China 2030″ points out that Chinese economic planners are fostering companies and industries, in alternative driving technology, information technology, biotechnology and machinery. This approach has been successful in individual areas, but overall it is still inefficient. China has only achieved real innovation leadership in individual fields. With the support of the government, Chinese enterprises are pursuing an ambitious expansion strategy in the world market. Overseas, these Chinese enterprises have received both resistance and praise, as they are more likely to be labeled “China bully”.
China needs full participation in world cooperation, one instance, the Human Genomics Project, a multi-national initiative that will provide vital information for disease surveillance, human evolutionary research and anthropological research. Scientists are expected to take many more years to determine the exact number of genes in the genome. In the field of human life and space research, China strives to answer how the universe originated and evolved, the origin and evolution of life, the performance and ability of life in extraterrestrial space, how the sun and the solar system affect the survival and development of the earth and human society, whether there is a new physical law beyond the existing basic physical theory, the law of motion of matter under the space environment, etc. To make important progress, Chinese scientists need international support, especially in the security field to strengthen global cooperation.
The government-led “Innovation 2050” predicts that China’s economy will reach the world’s highest in 2050. China’s political, material, social, spiritual and ecological civilizations will be highly developed and China will be highly open. In the historical process of realizing the grand vision, China is confronted with the challenges of new scientific and technological revolution, energy resources, ecological environment, population health, space and ocean, traditional and non-traditional security. In the creation of material wealth, China must practice harmony between man and nature, so that the ecological degradation of the environment be effectively curbed, so that its mountains remain green, the rivers clean, and the country beautiful.
The world’s inventions are happenings by innovators stepping on the shoulders of the predecessors. All calligraphers and painters learning from copying others. In this sense, the idea of intellectual property protection is narrow-minded and short-sighted. Fritz Haber invented the gas bombs and won the patent for his invention, but he had the retribution by causing numerous deaths. In the market of morality, many evil traders are still selling spears in their left hands and shields in their right hands. The law for property protection is one of the main drivers of the gap between rich and poor, at this level, Thomas Edison is both an inventor and a greedy villain.
When the nylon stockings were to wrap around the rough legs of women, an innovation had been inspired by sexual desire; when Chanel fragrance made the bodies of women smell good, the dream of innovation had started to fly. Videos and war correspondents make war and history lifelike; with cameras plugged in the wings of the network, disasters are enlarged one by one by the lens, and everyone can be a news anchor. Innovators now are at a younger age and young people’s thinking seems to come from outer space, we, as the elders, have difficulties to understand the conversation between them.
Many scientists in the world are concerned about the development of artificial intelligence and human cloning. British physicist Stephen Hawking has warned that the development of comprehensive artificial intelligence may lead to the destruction of mankind. Nuclear war, global warming, genetically modified viruses, etc.are the most likely threats. Hawking said that the continuous progress of science and technology will create a “new possibility of error.” When Google Street View cars and search technology go into each person’s life, the individual’s privacy will be no place to hide. Artificial intelligence implanted in the human body, not only leads to concerns about ethics, the bottom line of human dignity shall be challenged.
After the two world wars, mankind owns nuclear weapons and atomic bombs, and the weapons for killing are enough to destroy the whole mankind. As a government, China, like other big powers, needs to be more rational in the face of an innovative future. In busy workshops and project sites, even in control centers, workers under tension are challenging the limits of human survival. In order to meet the ever-expanding desires of humans, millions work under difficult, harsh and dangerous conditions. In the new era, how to clean the discarded mines, control the expansion of hydro-power stations, rectify the messy ports, and restrain the competitive spirits of the people, to recover the lost morality, will be more challenging issues.
Thus I have heard. Our mind never tell lies, it speaks only the true language. French thinker Rousseau firmly believed that scientific advancement is the departure of man against nature, that science and artistic progress will lead to the general degradation of human nature. I wish that in the new era of mankind, the future is not destruction, but a rebirth.